News Middle East15 Aug 2019

MENA:Region has 12 of the world's extremely water stressed countries

15 Aug 2019

The Middle East and North Africa are the most water-stressed region on Earth with 12 of the top 17 most water stressed countries.

The list includes Iran, Israel, Lebanon,, Jordan, Libya, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea and the United Arab Emirates, each consuming on average over 80% of their total water resources per year, according to the World Resources Institute's updated Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas.

Aqueduct ranks water stress, drought risk, and riverine flood risk across 189 countries and their sub-national regions, like states and provinces. The rankings cover UN member countries. Nevertheless, whilst "Palestine is a non-member observer,” it “would place between Lebanon and Iran."

The 17 most water stressed countries in the world, most of which are in the Middle East, are:

Rank

Country

Score *

Rank

Country

Score*

1

Qatar

4.97

10

UAE

4.26

2

Lebanon

4.82

11

San Marino

4.14

3

Israel

4.82

12

Bahrain

4.13

4

Iran

4.57

13

India

4.12

5

Jordan

4.56

14

Pakistan

4.05

6

Libya

4.55

15

Oman

4.04

7

Kuwait

4.43

16

Turkmenistan

4.04

8

Saudi Arabia

4.35

17

Botswana

4.02

9

Eritea

4.33

 

 

 

* Score ranges from 0 to 5, with 5 reflecting extremely high water stress

Dr Andrew Steer, president and CEO of the World Resources Institute, said, “Water stress is the biggest crisis no one is talking about. Its consequences are in plain sight in the form of food insecurity, conflict and migration, and financial instability.”

Some countries are making an effort in this area. Persian Gulf countries treat about 84% of all their waste water, but reuse only 44%. But Oman, ranked 16th among the countries most at risk, is becoming a model as it treats 100% of its waste water and reuses 78%.

Mr Johan Schaar, an associate senior fellow at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, says that individual countries cannot adequately address water stress, with every state in the region sharing at least one aquifer and 60% of the region’s rivers and lakes crossing borders.

 

| Print | Share

Note that your comment may be edited or removed in the future, and that your comment may appear alongside the original article on websites other than this one.

 

Recent Comments

There are no comments submitted yet. Do you have an interesting opinion? Then be the first to post a comment.